1 of the classifications is as follows,
• Expansion of present organization
• Expansion of new organization
• Replacement and moderation
Enlargement and Diversification
A company may possibly incorporate ability to its present solution strains to develop present procedure. For illustration, the Company Y may possibly enhance its plant ability to manufacture far more “X”. It is an illustration of relevant diversification. A agency may possibly develop its actions in a new organization. Enlargement of a new organization calls for financial commitment in new merchandise and a new kind of generation action within the agency. If a packing producing company invest in a new plant and machinery to make ball bearings, which the agency has not manufacture prior to, this represents enlargement of new organization or unrelated diversification. Often a company acquires present firms to develop its organization. In possibly circumstance, the agency makes financial commitment in the expectation of extra earnings. Investment decision in present or new merchandise may possibly also be identified as as earnings enlargement financial commitment.
Alternative and Modernization
The principal objective of modernization and substitution is to make improvements to operating efficiency and cut down prices. Price personal savings will reflect in the amplified revenue, but the firms earnings may possibly continue being unchanged. Belongings develop into outdated and out of date with technological adjustments. The agency will have to come to a decision to substitute people property with new property that run far more economically. If a Garment company adjustments from semi computerized washing equipment to absolutely computerized washing equipment, it is an illustration of modernization and substitution. Alternative conclusions help to introduce far more successful and economical property and consequently, are also identified as charge reduction investments. On the other hand, substitution conclusions that require sizeable modernization and technological advancements develop revenues as effectively as cut down prices.
Another valuable way of classify investments is as follows
• Mutually exclusive financial commitment
• Independent financial commitment
• Contingent financial commitment
Mutually exclusive financial commitment
Mutually exclusive investments serve the exact purpose and compete with each individual other. If a single financial commitment is undertaken, other individuals will have to be excluded. A company may possibly, for illustration, possibly use a far more labor intensive, semi computerized equipment, or use a far more money intensive, very computerized equipment for generation. Selecting the semi-computerized equipment precludes the acceptance of the very computerized equipment.
Independent financial commitment
Independent investments serve various applications and do not compete with each individual other. For illustration, a large engineering company may possibly be contemplating enlargement of its plant ability to manufacture extra excavators and addition of new generation facilities to manufacture a new solution gentle professional cars. Relying on their profitability and availability of resources, the company can undertake both investments.
Contingent financial commitment
Contingent investments are dependent tasks the preference of a single financial commitment necessitates undertaking a single or far more other financial commitment. For illustration, if a company decides to make a manufacturing unit in a distant, backward region, it may possibly have to invest in homes, roadways, hospitals, and lots of far more. For employees to attract the operate drive so, developing of manufacturing unit also calls for financial commitment in facilities for employees. The overall expenditure will be addressed as a single solitary financial commitment.